Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 men and women (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of far more than 1 million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan spot, also known as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan spot is the 11th biggest by population in the United States, with roughly 4.73 million men and women as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the biggest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), far more than twice the dimension of Tucson and 1 of the biggest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a sizzling desert climate. Regardless of this, its canal method led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the unique settler’s crops remaining critical elements of the Phoenix economy for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper have been known locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city until following Globe War II, when higher-tech businesses began to move into the valley and air conditioning produced Phoenix’s sizzling summers far more bearable.
The city averaged a four percent annual population development charge above a forty–yr period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development charge slowed throughout the Great Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.